Upper Key Stage 2 Science Scheme Years 5 & 6
Pupils in Year 5 will look at metamorphosis in insects and frogs. They will study the Solar System and learn about the phases of the Moon and investigate how crates are made. As part of their learning about separating mixtures they will act as the manager of a London sewage works, making sure the water is fit to discharge into the Thames, and they will use their knowledge of simple machines to build a catapult. Pupils also learn about puberty and the changes they will experience as teenagers.
Pupils in Year 6 will be extending their knowledge of classification, learning more detail about invertebrates and microbes. They will use their increased knowledge about shadows to make a shadow puppet theatre and will explore some special light effects using ultra-violet paint. As part of learning about electricity they create games that use simple circuits. They study the heart and lungs and learn about evolution and the life of Charles Darwin.
Upper Key Stage 2 Science Scheme Years 5 & 6 complete
You can download all the plans and resources for Years 5 and 6 for £75. This includes an Excel-based tracking file, some SATs style questions and an overview of the scheme that can be uploaded onto your school website as part of your curriculum information.
The price of individual units varies depending on the number of additional resources in the unit. Please note that there are interactive whiteboard files in some of the units and these are available in both Smart and Promethean software formats.
Unit 5.1 Decay and recycling
Pupils will carry out a number of visits in and around the school to look for evidence of decay. They will create a compost heap and observe it over time. Natural and man-made materials will be left in different places to see how well they break down. Pupils will also carry out a litter survey in the local area and report back through a school assembly. This unit is intended to be taught across the whole year.
Unit 5.2 Life Cycles
Pupils revisit the life cycle of plants, and learn about pollination. They compare the life cycles of birds, mammals, insects and amphibians and learn that insects and amphibians undergo metamorphosis.
Unit 5.3 Earth and Space
Pupils study our solar system, learning about the relative movements of the planets and the Moon and relating these to the way we experience the Sun and the Moon on Earth. They carry out some research into planets and investigate the way meteorites have shaped the surface of the Moon.
Unit 5.4 Mixtures and Reactions
After reviewing and extending their knowledge of materials from previous years, pupils study dissolving and learn how to recover materials from a solution. They look at other methods of separating mixtures and carry out an investigation on “sewage” to clean it up before discharge into a river. They investigate chemical reactions including burning and use a key and a series of simple tests to identify some mystery powders. They learn about reversible and irreversible changes and they create a drama about the life of a famous materials scientist.
Unit 5.5 Human Development
Pupils learn about the human life cycle and about the changes of the body during puberty. They learn about the development of a baby during pregnancy and about the birth of a baby. This unit has been written to match lessons in Personal, Social and Health Education on puberty and the feelings associated with growing up.
Unit 5.6 Forces
Pupils learn more about the forces of gravity and friction and investigate the friction of different surfaces. They study air resistance, investigate paper spinners falling, look at floating and sinking and build a self-righting boat. Learning about simple forces includes activities to study pulleys, gears and other simple machines and gives pupils the chance to use their knowledge of machines to build a catapult.
Unit 6.1 Field Studies
Pupils use different field studies sampling methods to study the local environment across the year and to establish how the population of different species varies with the seasons. They bring earthworms to the surface with diluted mustard so that they can count them and test the conditions that encourage algae to grow.
Unit 6.2 Heart and Lungs
Drawing a giant circulatory system in the playground helps pupils learn about the circulatory system, and squeezing water out of an old, split tennis ball gives them an idea of how the heart pumps blood. They make model lungs to explore breathing and find out about the way that exercise affects heart and breathing rates.
Unit 6.3 Classification
Building on their work from Year 4, pupils learn about the classification of invertebrates, playing specially devised card games to help them learn names and examples of the different classes. They make a key to identify types of microbes and put the common microorganism, yeast, to work as they bake bread.
Unit 6.4 Electricity
Pupils investigate how the flow of electricity is changes by using different components and different wires in a circuit. They draw and interpret circuit diagrams and begin to study circuits that make more than one loop. They build games such as a steady hand game, an electric quiz or an operation-style game.
Unit 6.5 Light
Pupils extend their understanding of how light behaves, investigating shadows and reflectivity. They build a shadow puppet theatre, using their knowledge of shadows to create special effects and ad drama to their performances. They learn about the eye and how we see and make a pinhole camera to explore how the light focuses on the retina.
Unit 6.6 Evolution
Starting with the story of the live and works of Charles Darwin, pupils learn about evolution, the survival of the fittest and adaptation. They search for “caterpillars” made of wool to understand more about camouflage and they create an evolutionary timeline that is so long it has to be set out using toilet roll. They investigate the differences between selective breeding and evolution, looking at successive generations of an imaginary animal.