Lower Key Stage 2 Science Scheme
Year 3 pupils will be carrying out experiments to discover the rules about magnetism, find the best
material for curtains and establish what plants need to grow. They will dissect an owl pellet to discover what owls eat and cut out and assemble a life-size skeleton. They will make rocks out of chocolate and study dinosaur fossils.
Pupils in Year 4 will be making and testing electrical circuits and designing a burglar alarm. They will learn about sound and use their knowledge to make musical instruments. As part of their studies of digestion they will create a model digestive system that makes poo. They will study solids, liquids and gases and use their understanding of classification to help Harry Potter with his Care of Magical Creatures homework on classifying vertebrates.
Years 3 & 4 – Complete
You can download all the plans and resources for Years 3 & 4 for £75. This includes an Excel-based tracking file and an overview of the scheme that can be uploaded onto your school website as part of your curriculum information.
The price of individual units varies depending on the number of additional resources in the unit. Please note that there are interactive whiteboard files in some of the units and these are available in both Smart and Promethean software formats.
Unit 3.1 Animal Homes
This is a non-statutory unit planned to be taught over the course of the year rather than in a block.
Pupils look at the “homes” that insects and birds need and make the school friendlier towards these creatures. They evaluate the success of the measures they have taken. Pupils also observe plants over time to explore the development of seeds and the life cycle of plants.
Unit 3.2 Animals and Skeletons
Pupils revisit the classification of animals according to diet as carnivores, herbivores or omnivores, researching the diets of animals in more detail. They look at human dietary requirements and begin to identify different food types and their different uses in the body. Dissecting an owl pellet provides a link between learning about diets and the study of skeletons. They then learn about external and internal skeletons, making a life size skeleton cut-out and studying the names and functions of the major bones in the human skeleton.
Unit 3.3 Forces and Magnets
Pupils explore magnetism and non-contact forces, suspending magnetic items in mid-air under the influence of magnetic forces. They test materials for magnetic properties and think about what materials are magnetic. They describe the properties of a magnet in simple terms and learn about the uses of magnets.
Unit 3.4 Plants
Pupils carry out a long-term investigation of the factors that affect the growth of plants, observing and measuring their plants for the course of the unit. They learn about the main functions of the different parts of a plant and study the life cycle of a flowering plant and the different methods of seed dispersal.
Unit 3.5 Light
Pupils learn to distinguish a light source from reflected light. They learn that light travels in straight lines, study how we see and are taught how to protect their eyes. They investigate the transparency of fabrics using data loggers and carry out some experiments to find out about shadow formation.
Unit 3.6 Rocks
Pupils explore the characteristics of rocks and learn their names. They carry out simple tests on different rocks and use chocolate to model how rocks are formed. They explore the composition of soil and think about how soil is made. They learn about the formation of fossils and make their own model fossils. They look at pictures of dinosaur fossils and try to come to some conclusions about the living dinosaurs the fossils came from.
Unit 4.1 Respecting our Environment
This unit is intended to be taught across the whole year with at least two lessons in each term.
Pupils look at the area within and near the school grounds and at the impact of humans on the environment. They discuss the need to balance human requirements against those of the environment.
Unit 4.2 Classification
Pupils learn about the variety of living things and how they can be grouped according to shared characteristics. They use and construct keys to identify unfamiliar animals and plants. They study the life of Carl Linnaeus who developed the system of classification used today.
Unit 4.3 Digestion
In this unit pupils learn about the structure of the mouth and about how to care for their teeth, investigating which drink stains teeth the most. They learn about the structure of the digestive system and building a model of the digestive process and making “poo” then using their knowledge to produce a piece of creative writing. The explore interrelationships in food, constructing food chains and food webs.
Unit 4.4 Electricity
Pupils learn that some materials allow electricity through them and others do not. They learn about the history of electricity and they make and test electrical circuits with a variety of components. They use their knowledge of electricity to design and build a model of a burglar alarm for a house.
Unit 4.5 Sound
Pupils listen to and identify sounds and learn how our ears work to detect sounds. They carry out experiments to help them learn about loudness and pitch and use data loggers to investigate the best material for muffling sound. They make and play musical instruments.
Unit 4.6 States of Matter
Pupils learn that materials come in three states of matter: solid, liquid or gas. They identify materials as solids, liquids or gases, including some that are harder to classify such as sand or sponge. They learn how to use a thermometer and investigate changes of state. They learn about the water cycle.